Training requirements for inherent safety begin with the need for general awareness for engineers, scientists, and business leaders. This awareness training should include the concepts of inherent safety along with how inherent safety is implemented in the organization's process safety management, new product development, and project execution programs. More specific training should be considered for those people who play key roles in inherently safer processes such as:

  • R&D chemists involved in product and process development.
  • Process development and process design engineers involved in process scoping, development, and design activities.
  • Functional specialists such as safety engineers and industrial hygienists.

If an organization chooses to include inherent safety reviews in its implementation approach, training should be included on how to conduct an inherent safety review.

The Institution of Chemical Engineers has the "Inherently Safer Process Design" safety training package (IChemE and International Process Safety Group). Included in this package are course materials, videos, a good variety of case studies, and guidance for the course leader. This is an excellent course which can be presented by itself or used to augment inherent safety training courses designed to meet an organization's specific needs.

Companies may wish to develop workshops to train potential team members in the inherent safety review process. The workshop can provide background information on inherent safety concepts, the extensive systems required to manage hazardous materials, and information on the inherent safety review process. Videos, problems, examples, and team exercises can be included to enliven the education process.

Time Required for an Inherent Safety Review

Low hazard process reviews can be completed in several hours. Reviews of complex projects are normally completed in one to two days. The key to an effective and efficient review is good preparation.

Inherent Safety Review Team Composition

The composition of the inherent safety review team will vary depending upon the stages of the development cycle and the nature of the product/process. The team composition is selected from the typical skill areas checked in below table and is generally four to seven members. Knowledgeable people, with an appropriate matrix of skills, are required for a successful review effort. The industrial hygienist/toxicologist and chemist are key members of the team to ensure understanding of the hazards associated with reactions, chemicals, intermediates, and products. These members play a key role in explaining hazards, especially where there may be choices among chemicals or processes.

Product Development Design Development Operations
Industrial Hygienist/Toxicologist

Process Design

Safety Engineer

Process Technology Leader


Control Engineer


Operations Supervisor