Hydrogen Purification and Production

Published on Dec. 1, 2020 By Tadd Pham

Hydrogen gas is generated from multiple different ways and is typically produced mixed with extraneous matter. Two of the most typical ways to create hydrogen are chemical synthesis by stea...


Wastewater Treatment Plants

Published on Nov. 21, 2020 By Tadd Pham

Wastewater treatment is the process of converting wastewater to remove contaminants from wastewater or sewage water that is no longer needed or is no longer suitable for use into an effluent w...


Renewable Energy from Green Waste using Fischer-Tropsch Process

Published on Nov. 16, 2020 By Tadd Pham

The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process to convert green waste into renewable energy is a multi-steps chemical reactions in both coal liquefaction and gas to liquids technology for producing liquid h...


Advantages and Disadvantages of Wave Energy

Published on Nov. 14, 2020 By Tadd Pham

Advantages of Wave Energy 1) Renewable Similar to most renewable energy sources, wave power is also renewable. Since this energy source ultimately comes from waves crashing upon the shor...


Green Energy / Renewable Energy from Wave Power

Published on Nov. 12, 2020 By Tadd Pham

Wave power is free, reliable, sustainable, renewable, and produces zero greenhouse gases and helps to reduce our carbon footprint. Wave energy (or wave power), also called ocean wave energy, ...


How to improve steam generation, distribution and recovery can help a plant to increase its steam system efficiency by as much as 20-30%.

Published on Nov. 8, 2020

Common areas for energy savings opportunities are steam generation, distribution, end use and recovery. This article outlines some typical energy efficiency measures. Demand reduction A pl...


What is Rich/Lean Amine Loading means and what should be there typical values?

Published on Aug. 25, 2020

Rich/Lean Amine Loading (RAL/LAL) refers to the amount of acid gases (CO 2 , H 2 S etc,) dissolved in a given amount of amine. RAL and LAL is a very important factor for the operation, mainten...


Causes of Static Charge from Liquid Flow and the Precautions Needed

Published on Sept. 7, 2020

Electrostatic charge formation in tanks and vessels in which hydrocarbons or chemicals are pumped or stirred is widely recognized as a serious hazard. This electricity, which is generated in t...


What is the criterion for selecting operating pressures for multistage separator systems?

Published on Sept. 3, 2020

Operating pressures of multistage separation systems can very across the wide range. The maximum OP for of a separator will be no higher than sales gas pressure accept in the case of gas lift ...


What is the Rich/Lean Amine Loading and what is the appropriate value for them?

Published on Sept. 6, 2020

Amine loading is calculated as the mole ratio of acid gas to the solvent. Rich amine loading (RAL) is referred to the acid gas absorber bottoms liquid which is rich in acid gas and similarly L...


Process Analyzer Sample Systems

Published on Aug. 30, 2020

Process Analyzer Sample Systems are common to almost all process (on-line) analyzer installations, but often overlooked or not addressed adequately. They are usually 80% of the challenge (and ...


Tank Blending

Published on Aug. 17, 2020

This document discusses a simple low cost tank blending method. It is referred to as a shrouded blending nozzle system, and it works quite well. The shroud causes the jet nozzle to educt a lar...


Quench Control - An advanced approach for temperature control

Published on Aug. 1, 2020 By Mic Wozniak

Quench control is used in closed loop refrigerant applications where cooling of the hot recycle gas stream is achieved by direct mixing of a cold multi-phase gas/liquid. The liquids used for q...


Comparing costs of gas and many types of fuels

Published on May 16, 2020

Consideration of practical replacements for gas such as coal, heavy fuel oil, middle distillates, LPG and vice versa. Fuels considered most practical replacements for gas include coal, heavy ...


Cause and effect of exceeding service ratings of heat tracing materials

Published on April 29, 2020

The following lesson learned outlines an installation of pipeline heat tracing for a new process unit within an existing chemical/petrochemical facility. The system design consisted of self-li...