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Hydrogen Purification and Production
Hydrogen Purification and Production

Hydrogen gas is generated from multiple different ways and is typically produced mixed with extraneous matter. Two of the most typical ways to create hydrogen are chemical synthesis by steam …

Wastewater Treatment Plants
Wastewater Treatment Plants

Wastewater treatment is the process of converting wastewater to remove contaminants from wastewater or sewage water that is no longer needed or is no longer suitable for use into an …

Renewable Energy from Green Waste using Fischer-Tropsch Process
Renewable Energy from Green Waste using Fischer-Tropsch Process

The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process to convert green waste into renewable energy is a multi-steps chemical reactions in both coal liquefaction and gas to liquids technology for producing liquid hydrocarbons. The …

Advantages and Disadvantages of Wave Energy
Advantages and Disadvantages of Wave Energy

Nov. 14, 2020

Advantages of Wave Energy1) RenewableSimilar to most renewable energy sources, wave power is also renewable. Since this energy source ultimately comes from waves crashing upon the shores of many countries near the populated coastal regions, it will not disappear.2) Environment …

Green Energy / Renewable Energy from Wave Power
Green Energy / Renewable Energy from Wave Power

Nov. 12, 2020

Wave power is free, reliable, sustainable, renewable, and produces zero greenhouse gases and helps to reduce our carbon footprint.Wave energy (or wave power), also called ocean wave energy, is the electrical power produced by harnessing the up and down motion …

How to improve steam generation, distribution and recovery can help a plant to increase its steam system efficiency by as much as 20-30%.
How to improve steam generation, distribution and recovery can help a plant to increase its steam system efficiency by as much as 20-30%.

Nov. 8, 2020

Common areas for energy savings opportunities are steam generation, distribution, end use and recovery. This article outlines some typical energy efficiency measures.Demand reductionA plant’s boilers may be producing more steam or steam at a higher pressure than is necessary for …

Causes of Static Charge from Liquid Flow and the Precautions Needed
Causes of Static Charge from Liquid Flow and the Precautions Needed

Sept. 7, 2020

Electrostatic charge formation in tanks and vessels in which hydrocarbons or chemicals are pumped or stirred is widely recognized as a serious hazard. This electricity, which is generated in tanks during these normal operations, occasionally causes a spark in a …

What is the Rich/Lean Amine Loading and what is the appropriate value for them?
What is the Rich/Lean Amine Loading and what is the appropriate value for them?

Sept. 6, 2020

Amine loading is calculated as the mole ratio of acid gas to the solvent. Rich amine loading (RAL) is referred to the acid gas absorber bottoms liquid which is rich in acid gas and similarly Lean amine loading (LAL) is …

What is the criterion for selecting operating pressures for multistage separator systems?
What is the criterion for selecting operating pressures for multistage separator systems?

Sept. 3, 2020

Operating pressures of multistage separation systems can very across the wide range. The maximum OP for of a separator will be no higher than sales gas pressure accept in the case of gas lift requirement where in the pressure is …

Process Analyzer Sample Systems
Process Analyzer Sample Systems

Aug. 30, 2020

Process Analyzer Sample Systems are common to almost all process (on-line) analyzer installations, but often overlooked or not addressed adequately. They are usually 80% of the challenge (and support requirements) of an analyzer system. Several elements are crucial to consider …

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Featured Articles


Renewable Energy produced by Fischer-Tropsch process power generation
Renewable Energy produced by Fischer-Tropsch process power generation

Electricity produced by Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process are generated by generators. Key components of the power generation of the renewable energy consist of a boiler, gas turbine generator, Heat Recovery Steam …

Renewable Energy produced by Fischer-Tropsch process product upgrading unit
Renewable Energy produced by Fischer-Tropsch process product upgrading unit

Light Fischer-Tropsch Liquid (LFTL) and Wax Hydrocarbon are processed in the Product Upgrading Unit. Product upgrading includes a Unionfining Process Unit and a Unicracking Process Unit.Unionfining is a hydrotreating process …

Fischer-Tropsch process to produce syngas from green waste
Fischer-Tropsch process to produce syngas from green waste

Case Study: A renewable energy plant converting 1000 TPD (dry) urban green waste can generate 600 BPD of Fischer-Tropsch fuels and 16.5 MW of export electricity to yield 466 bbl/day …

High Purity Hydrogen produced by Fischer-Tropsch process
High Purity Hydrogen produced by Fischer-Tropsch process

Fischer-Tropsch's high purity hydrogen required for the Unionfining Unit and Unicracking Unit is supplied by a Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) system. The hydrogen requirement is met by separating other gases …

Fischer-Tropsch gasification system to produce syngas from green waste
Fischer-Tropsch gasification system to produce syngas from green waste

Case Study: A renewable energy plant converting 1000 TPD (dry) urban green waste can generate 600 BPD of Fischer-Tropsch fuels and 16.5 MW of export electricity to yield 466 bbl/day …

Feed Drying & Conditioning System for Green Waste
Feed Drying & Conditioning System for Green Waste

The heating media used in the drying and conditioning of green waste is flue gas from the fluid bed combustor, supplemented by 400# steam. The dryer equipment includes an Selective …

Process Overview of Fluid Catalytic Cracker (FCC) Hydrotreater
Process Overview of Fluid Catalytic Cracker (FCC) Hydrotreater

The main objective of the Hydrotreater is to achieve 78% weight removal of organic nitrogen compounds in the gas oil feed stock. In addition to nitrogen removal, the Hydrotreater removes …

Required time to get a shut-in test on gas transmission lines & pressure loss for new gas lines
Required time to get a shut-in test on gas transmission lines & pressure loss for new gas lines

Calculate the required time to get a shut-in test on gas transmission lines, and approximate a maximum acceptable pressure loss for new gas linesThese two rules may prove helpful for …

Process Overview of Catalytic Hydrosulfurization (CHD)
Process Overview of Catalytic Hydrosulfurization (CHD)

Catalytic Hydrosulfurization is used to improve the quality of light distillates by removing sulfur compounds. The feed stock contains sour distillates from the crude tower. The feed is vaporized, mixed …